Literature Riview : Masalah Terkait Malnutrisi: Penyebab, Akibat, dan Penanggulangannya
Background: Malnutrition Is a state of a person's status who is malnourished, or whose nutrition is below average. Malnutrition is a deficiency of nutrients such as proteins, carbohydrates, fats and vitamins needed by the body. 1 How to assess nutritional status can be done with anthropometric, clinical, biochemical, and biophysical measurements. . Children who are malnourished will experience a decrease in their immune system so that children are susceptible to infectious diseases. Pathophysiologically, malnutrition and malnutrition in children under five (12-59 months) experience protein energy deficiency, iron nutritional anemia, disorders due to iodine deficiency (GAKY) and vitamin A deficiency. Deficiency of the four sources above in children under five can inhibit growth, reduce immune system so that they are susceptible to infectious diseases, resulting in low levels of intelligence, decreased physical abilities, impaired physical and mental growth, stunting, blindness and death in children. Purpose: to gain a better understanding of problems related to malnutrition in terms of causes, effects, and remedies. Method: In this study we used a research method in the form of library research, which is a series of studies relating to library data collection methods, or the research was collected through various kinds of library information (scientific journals, books, encyclopedias, magazines, newspapers, and documents). Conclusion: Based on the research results obtained from reviewing journals that match the theme, it can be concluded that nutritional status in children under five is often used to see the nutritional status of society in general.
Copyright (c) 2022 JGK:Jurnal Gizi dan Kesehatan
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work