PENGARUH PEMBERIAN TABLET BESI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN REMAJA UMUR PUTRI DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS LAHAT

  • Eka Haryanti Prodi KeperawatanLahat
  • Kamesworo - Kamesworo
  • Maksuk - Maksuk
Keywords: Tablet besi, kadar Hb, Remaja

Abstract

ABSTRAK

Latar belakang:                 Penyebab utama yang dapat menimbulkan anemia pada wanita yaitu terjadinya kehilangan darah saat menstruasi dan kurangnya zat gizi dalam pembentukan darah misalnya zat besi, protein, asam folat dan B12.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian tablet Fe dalam peningkatan kadar Hb pada remaja usia 15-18 tahun di SMAN 3 Lahat.                        

Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah kuantitatif dengan desain Quasy Eksperiment One Group Pretest Postest. Sampel diambil menggunakan purposive sampling sebanyak 46 responden. Alat ukur yang digunakan adalah Hb meter.                                                    

Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukan sebelum pemberian tablet Fe  didapatkan bahwa dari 46 responden, yaitu sebanyak 11 responden (24%) mengalami anemia. Pada pengukuran setelah pemberian tablet Fe dari 46 responden terdapat 5 responden (10.9%) mengalami anemia.  Uji Test Dependent menunjukan hasil signifkan  (p = 0,001). Hal ini menunjukan ada pengaruh pemberian tablet Fe dalam peningkatan kadar Hb pada remaja usia 15-18 tahun.                               

Kesimpulan: Sesudah pemberian Tablet Fe menggunakan uji T maka didapatkan           (P value = 0.001), dimana P value lebih kecil dari 0.05 artinya ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara  pemberian Tablet Fe terhadap kadar Hb remaja putri di SMAN 3 Lahat.

Kata Kunci: Anemia, tablet Fe, remaja

 

ABSTRACT

Background:The main causes that can cause anemia in women are blood loss during menstruation and lack of nutrients in the formation of blood such as iron, protein, folic acid and B12. This study aims to determine the effect of giving Fe Tablets in increasing Hb levels in adolescents aged 15-18 years at Senior High School 3 (SMAN 3 ) of Lahat.

Method:This type of research is quantitative with the design of Quasy Experiment One Group Pretest Postest. Samples were taken using purposive sampling as many as 46 respondents. The measuring instrument used is the Hb meter.

Results: The results showed that before giving Fe tablets, it was found that of 46 respondents, 11 respondents (24%) had anemia. In the measurement after giving Fe tablets from 46 respondents there were 5 respondents (10.9%) having anemia. Test Dependent Test showed significant results (p = 0.001). This shows that there is an effect of giving Fe tablets in increasing Hb levels in adolescents aged 15-18 years.

Conclusion:After giving Fe Tablet using the T test, it was obtained (P value = 0.001), where P value is less than 0.05, it means that there is a significant difference between Fe tablet administration on Hb levels of girls in Senior High School 3  (SMAN 3) of Lahat

Keywords:Anemia, Fe tablets,

Published
2021-01-21
How to Cite
1.
Haryanti E, Kamesworo K, Maksuk M. PENGARUH PEMBERIAN TABLET BESI DALAM MENINGKATKAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN REMAJA UMUR PUTRI DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH ATAS LAHAT. JPP [Internet]. 21Jan.2021 [cited 9Mar.2021];15(2):136-9. Available from: https://jurnal.poltekkespalembang.ac.id/index.php/JPP/article/view/537